Cholesterol is not responsible for artery blockages.

Pr Philippe Even, ex head of the Necker Faculty of Medicine and President of the Necker Institute, explains in his book “The truth on cholesterol” that cholesterol is not responsible for arteries blockage.  (See The truth on cholesterol published by Le Cherche Midi)

Cholesterol oscillates from 1.5 to 3.5 g/l (an average of 2.2 in France), depending on age, eating habits and sometimes genetic background.
Since the 70s we believe without any scientific proof that cholesterol is responsible for artery blockage.

 According to Pr Philippe Even, there are no direct links between cholesterol and artery problems, myocardial infarction and strokes. Nothing proves that cholesterol is the reason for atheroma depositing on artery inner layers.

“Six important epidemiological studies have been carried out so far and none of them can link for sure that cholesterol is related to cardiovascular accidents” says Pr Even.

 « The artheroma slabs are in fact inflammatory scars. Our heartbeats 70 pulses a minute and sends high-pressure waves permitting the blood to flow. These jolts provoke on the long run some lesions on the inner layer of arteries. Without them, artheroma would disappear. Blood contains macrophages that repair the lesions but these macrophages need energy or in another word fat to achieve its task. Cholesterol naturally brings the necessary fat acids to the macrophages cells that die once the fat is deposited at the same spot; creating little by little a slab of fat.

Pr Philippe Even explains: “Cholesterol is produced mainly by the liver and the brain; 30%  results from food  habits. There are two types of cholesterol: LDL, known as well as “bad cholesterol”,  which distributes fat acids from the liver to feed the cells that need them.  The fat acids excess goes back to the liver and other tissues, conveying along cholesterol molecules called HDL.  The latter is also called “good cholesterol” because it is supposed to clean the cells from fat deposits. It is untrue. HDL and LDL molecules circulate back and forth in the blood from the liver to other tissues in an incessant cyclic movement. France is the only country to believe in the myth of good and bad cholesterol.

Here is his explanation concerning the statins: “ Statins have proved to lower  noticeably cholesterol and stop its production. It is a fact. However, cholesterol has nothing to do with the artheroma slabs that provoke cardio-vascular accidents. All the medicines prescribed in these cases are useless.

In 2013, the HAS (Health High Authority) announced during a press release that such medicines were covered by the patients healthcare as they have a role to play in reducing the mortality rate by 10% as well as the risks of cardiovascular accidents”.

Statins side effects on 10 to 14% of patients: muscular aches, skin lesions.

Why? Statins intake stops the production of cholesterol as well as the production of mevolatone (coenzim Q, isoprenoids, dolichols, etc) which are necessary for the nervous, hormonal, muscular and immune system to function properly and for the tissues to develop.

Other factors on which it is possible to impact:

  • To treat high blood pressure and therefore cardiovascular accidents. Conditions like diabetes may have also an incidence. A regular check-up and adjusted treatment are preventive and reduce any further complications.
  • To stop smoking.
  • To look after one’s eating habits and lifestyle.  By overeating and being sedentary, people are prone to obesity and diabetes. Some of its well-known characteristics are small and medium artery problems (retina, kidneys, legs, etc.). If practising 30mns of physical exercise a day and checking one’s weight, it is possible to keep major troubles away.
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